Thyroid- The butterfly shaped endocrine gland is the converter of nutrients into energy. Its improper functioning greatly affects the functioning of the whole body. When this gland is not able to produce enough of the hormones or over produces the hormones, it leads to the generation of thyroid disorders.

The hormones produced by Thyroid gland :

  • Thyroxine (T4)
  • Triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Calcitonin

As mentioned above, Thyroid problem occurs due to two main reasons, either your thyroid gland is too active and producing too much of hormones (this state is called ‘Hyperthyroidism’) or your thyroid gland has gone to the dull mode and have become underactive and not producing enough of the thyroid hormones (this state is called ‘Hypothyroidism’).

Top 10 Home Remedies for Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism also known as thyroxicosis is a condition where the thyroid gland’s hormone producing activity is extra active and results in extra production of the thyroid hormones which can lead to various problems. So to control this condition, the production activity of the thyroid gland need to be controlled. The following items will help in controlling the hyper thyroid problem.

  • Lemon Balm

Researchers and studies has found Lemon balm or Melissa officinalis to be very efficient in lowering the TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) levels. The TSH helps in the secretion of the thyroid hormones. The various components of lemon balm like flavanoids and phelonic helps in restraining the hormone producing activity of the thyroid. Having lemon balm tea helps in inhibiting the the work of the proteins that encourages the thyroid gland’s hormone production.

How to make lemon Balm tea?

In boiling water, add one teaspoon (slowly you can increase the quantity to two spoons) and for around 5 minutes. Let the herb steep. Filter the liquid and let it cool. Take the tea three times a day.

  • Cabbage

Cabbage is well known for its nutritional value, but with that it also has in it dietary goitrogens. Dietary goitrogens are very helpful in controlling the hyper activity of the thyroid gland and restricting the thyroid hormone production. It shows best results when consumed raw.

Now if you are wondering how to have it raw, then here is a delicious raw cabbage recipe for you!

  • Sea Vegetable

Iodine is very essential for a healthy thyroid and being high in iodine sea vegetables are used and the most preferred remedy for treating thyroid problems. When present in extra amount in your body, Iodine lowers the activity of TPO (Thyroid peroxidase), a type of enzyme that plays a very vital role in the production of thyroid hormones.

Kelp, kombu, hijiki, nori etc are the vegetables that are usually used for treating hyperthyroidism or “thyroid storm”.
Here are some tasty Sea Vegetables recipes for you.

3 Easy & Tasty Sea Vegetable Recipes

  • Bugleweed

This antithyroid herb has the power to reduce the levels of the hormones namely T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine) produced by the thyroid gland. It inhibits the transformation of T4 to T3 and also helps in slowing the activity of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone).

  • Bugleweed herbal tea

Add one teaspoon of bugleweed in boiling water and let the herb gets mixed with the water completety. Strain the liquid and let it cool. You can also buy bugleweed tea bags from the market.
You can go for bugleweed tincture also. This item is easily available online.

  • Motherwort

This herbal mint with anti-thyroid property helps in treating the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. It is very effective in slowing down the high heart rate, anxiety, insomnia and stomach upset which are the common hyperthyroidism system.

  • Motherwort tea

Add one teaspoon of motherwort (dried) into boiling water and let it steep. To change the bitter taste of the tea, you can add honey or sugar to it.

  • Berries

Reduce the inflammation of the thyroid gland with the help of berries (blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, Indian gooseberry etc.). The berries are rich in antioxidant and vitamins, especially Indian Gooseberry helps in improving the functioning of the thyroid gland and bringing a balance in the production of hormones.

How to use Indian Gooseberry

Add honey to the powder form of gooseberry and create a thick paste. Have this mixture prior to your breakfast.

  • Nettle

This herb is highly nutritious and is considered ‘thyroid healing tonic’ for its effectiveness in controlling the improper functioning of the thyroid gland that leads to hyperthyroidism. Apart from being a healthy thyroid remedy this is also diuretic, astringent, a great cleanser and many more.

How to make the nettle tea?

Add one cup of nettle leaves to two cups of water and bring to a boil. After the water boils, reduce the flames and let it simmer for few minutes. Strain the liquid and let it cool. If you want to enhance the taste of the tea, add some sugar or honey to it.

  • Green Tea

Green tea is rich in antioxidants. And antioxidants helps in reducing the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Making green tea a part of your daily diet will make you fit as a fiddle.

How to prepare Green Tea?

  • Broccoli

Broccoli has in it isothiocyanates and goitrogens which helps to control the over production of thyroid hormones. Uncooked, raw is the best way to have broccoli when you are consuming it to control thyroid problems.

Raw Broccoli recipe

  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids

These fatty acids are very essential for keeping the body’s immune system healthy and for cell growth. Deficiency of these fatty acids leads to imbalance of hormones in which the hormones generated by thyroid are also included. Walnuts, fish, flaxseeds etc. are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

Other remedies

  • Eleuthero

Eleuthero also known as Siberian Ginseng is one of the top remedy for hyperthyroidism. The interesting part of this herb is that it is also effective for Hypothyroidism. It helps in maintaining the thyroid gland in good health.

  • Echinacea

This herb helps in fighting the causes and at the same time reducing the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Echinacea helps in keeping the system strong and in smooth functioning.

Top 10 remedies for Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is the opposite of hyperthyroidism. In hypothyroidism there is deficiency of the thyroid hormones in the blood due less production of the same. In the hypothyroidism condition the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough of the thyroid hormones. Following home remedies will help to overcome this condition.

  • Coconut oil

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The various healthy saturated fats, lauric acid and medium chain fatty acids present in the coconut oil nourishes the thyroid gland and aids in its proper functioning. It is a great energy booster and enhances the metabolism.

How to use?

You can use the extra-virgin coconut for cooking instead of normal cooking oils.
You can also mix 1-2 teaspoons of coconut oil into your morning dose of milk.

  • Kelp

Kelp is one of the best natural remedy when you are suffering from hypothyroidism due to deficiency of iodine in your body. Kelp is a type of sea vegetable that is high in iodine. But, people who have autoimmune thyroid problems must avoid usage of this sea vegetable, otherwise it may prove dangerous.

Healthy Kelp Recipes

  • Ginger

Magnesium is very useful in controlling and maintaining a balance in the functioning of thyroid. And ginger is very rich in magnesium. Ginger is also a good source of zinc and potassium. Its anti-inflammatory properties helps in reducing the inflammation of the thyroid and also in its smooth functioning.

How to use?

Use fresh ginger slices in your dishes.
Drink ginger tea
Preparation(Add ginger to water and let it boil and then add a little of honey)

  • Fish oil

Fish oil is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. These fatty acids keep the functioning of the thyroid smooth and healthy and they also contain anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar has many health benefits one among them being hormone regulation. Disturbance in the production of the hormones by thyroid is the main cause that leads to hypothyroidism. It also helps in balancing the ph level of the body, detoxification and stimulating metabolism.

How to use

Add apple cider vinegar and honey to lukewarm water and have it in the morning.

  • Vitamin D

Deficiency of Vitamin D also leads to thyroid problems. The best way to get Vitamin D into your body is to expose your body to morning sunrays, bathe in the morning sunrays and see how wonderfully it works with your body.

  • Guggul

An extract of the Cammiphora Mukul tree, guggul contains guggulsterones a compound that helps in treating the problem of hypothyroidism. It is also useful in lowering cholesterol and reducing inflammation. It anti-obesity property helps in controlling weight gain.

  • Evening primrose oil

Evening Rose has anti-inflammatory and hormone stimulating properties, which helps in reducing the inflammation of thyroid and production of thyroid hormones. The presence of GLAs (Gamma linoleic Acids) provides these properties to the evening primrose. People who have used the primrose oil has accounted great improvement in their hair’s health.

  • Siberian Ginseng

Siberian Ginseng or Eleuthero provides loads of health benefits and is great for thyroid health. It provides great support and encouragement to the functioning of the thyroid gland. It is a great fatigue buster which is the common symptom seen in people having thyroid problem.

  • B Vitamins

Vitamins are vital part of the healthily body system. For thyroid problems, the Vitamin B family is the best. They help in alleviating the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and aids in smooth functioning of the thyroid gland. Studies says that deficiency of Vitamin B12 a member of the B Vitamins group, can also lead to Hypothyroidism.

So, people who are suffering from hypothyroidism should include foods that are rich in B Vitamins, like fortified cereals and whole grain food items.

The Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

The Following are the symptoms of which are commonly seen in people suffering from hyperthyroidism.

  • Sudden decrease in weight
  • Increased appetite
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating excessively
  • Sleeplessness
  • Irregular Periods
  • Stomach upset
  • Regular headache
  • Tremors
  • Excess hair loss
  • Fatigue Getting tired easily and frequently
  • Change in body temperature
  • weakening of muscles
  • Inflammation in thyroid gland

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

The following are some of the very common symptoms among people suffering hypothyroidism:

  • Feeling tired frequently
  • Feeling sleepy too often during the daytime, even after sleeping for good hours in the night.
  • Sudden increase in the weight
  • Depression
  • Drying of skin
  • Puffy face
  • Weakening of muscles
  • Swelling and pain in joints
  • Thinning of hair
  • Memory problems
  • Constipation

Hypothyroidism Diagnosis

The tests that are performed for hypothyroidism are:

  • TSH Testing
  • T4 testing
  • Anti-thyroid Microsomal Antibodies Testing
  • FTI (Free Thyroxine Index)

Hyperthyroidism Diagnosis

The following are the types of tests that are performed to check whether a person is suffering from hyperthyroidism:

  • Cholestrol level test
  • T4 & T3RU (Resin Uptake) Tests
  • TSH Level Test
  • Triglyceride Level Test
  • Thyroid Scanand Uptake
  • Ultrasound
  • CT (Computed Tomography) Scan or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)